In Canada, nursing is a profession with three regulated nursing groups: registered
nurses (RNs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs,
or registered practical nurses-RPN-in Ontario) and
registered psychiatric nurses (RPNs) in the western
provinces. The main differences between RNs and LPNs
are the breadth and depth of their education: for example, the length of their
programs, their legislation and the procedures they are permitted to perform on
patients. Registered psychiatric nurses specialize in the field of mental
health and work mainly in Canada's western provinces.
practical nurses and registered practical nurses are regulated health-care
professionals who work in partnership with other members of the health-care
team to provide nursing services to individuals, families and groups of all
ages. LPNs assess, plan, implement and evaluate care for
clients throughout the life cycle and through palliative stages. There are approximately
75,000 licensed practical nurses in Canada, representing the second largest
regulated health profession in the country after registered nurses.